Investments in this component are aimed at enhancing livestock productivity (including animal health, food and feed production, as well as animal breed improvements) and livelihoods diversification. The component will disseminate improved and tested approaches and/or technologies developed through research for the dry lands by agricultural research institutes in the region. Capacity building will be carried out to enable the communities adopt the technologies and approaches and to take advantage of the opportunities in the region that increase their resilience to weather shocks. The component will be implemented through three key sub-components, namely;
- Livestock Production and Health,
- Food and Feed Production, and
- Livelihoods Diversification.
Sub component 3.1: Livestock Production and Health
The sub-component focuses on strengthening livestock disease and vector surveillance and control as well as their reporting at community, national and regional levels. These will be undertaken through training veterinary staff in the Project districts on disease recognition, surveillance and reporting. The trained veterinary staff in turn will be used to train the CAHWs, kraal leaders, and workers in slaughter facilities/butcheries. The key activities to be implemented include:
- Community sensitization campaigns through print media, community meetings and radio programs on tick and tsetse borne diseases;
- Tsetse and tick control demonstrations and learning workshops targeting kraal leaders to strengthen routine provision of more technical information, and
- Strategic tsetse trap deployment as well as construction of demonstration communal cattle crushes.
The sub-component focuses also on procuring vaccines for selected diseases that are a problem in the region, as well as procuring facilities for vaccine storage and administration (vaccination campaigns). Animal health cross-border disease control activities, including their coordination /planning (meetings) will be supported and strategic animal check points and holding grounds will be revitalized (including training of check point inspectors).
The sub-component aims at improving productivity of the livestock in the region through proven breed improvement strategies. Identification of drought tolerant high yielding breeds and/or strains will be carried out by the regional agricultural research institutions in the region (Nabuin, and Serere). Participatory breed selection will be undertaken in collaboration with the communities, NGOs, FAO and other organizations that have past experience in breed improvement programs in the ASALs. Selected livestock breeders and producer organizations or pastoral associations will be supported through training and demonstrations on the benefits of improved genetics in livestock production. Purposive targeting of women’s groups and youth will be undertaken to empower them to be resilient to the effects of droughts and to improve their household incomes.
Sub component 3.2: Food and Feed Production and Productivity
This sub-component aims at increasing feed and crop production and productivity. It supports appropriate production technologies suitable for drylands such as identification and promotion of drought tolerant crops as well as forage conservation agriculture to improve animal nutrition and food security among the targeted communities. The appropriate technologies will be identified by zonal research institutions and those in the region through adaptive field based research. The technologies will be promoted through APFSs and other farmer groups where the APFSs do not exist. In order to improve animal nutrition, identification of available feed resources in the region will be carried out by Nabuin the zonal research institution in the Karamoja region.
The sub-component focuses on increasing access to post-harvest handling and storage facilities. A study on improving existing post harvest facilities in the project area will be carried out by NARO (Nabuin/Serere) and improvements will be undertaken according to the recommendations of the study.
Sub component 3.3: Livelihoods Diversification
This sub component seeks to promote alternative livelihoods away from only livestock dependent livelihoods in order to increase the resilience of the communities. Ongoing efforts will be studied and appropriate livelihoods to be promoted will be identified. Some 15 alternative livelihoods are planned to be promoted through training sessions and demonstrations in the APFSs. Due to the nature of the AFPS, the alternative livelihoods are to be selected by the participating agro/pastoralists.