The expected outcome of this component is that drought-prone communities have secured access to natural resources and have acquired the capacity to sustainably manage these resources. The component has three sub-components including: (i) water resources development, (ii) sustainable land management in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas; and (iii) securing access to natural resources. Activities under this component will be implemented by MAAIF in close collaboration with MWE, MWT, MLHUD, the Ministry for Karamoja Affairs in OPM, as well as the District Local Governments (DLGs).
Sub-component 1.1: Water Resources Development.
This sub-component aims at making adequate water available to the pastoral communities in a more sustainable manner. Participatory mapping, planning, monitoring of the process of locating and building of water resource structures will be the key elements of emphasis in the delivery of the water resources. The sub-component will also undertake the mobilization of the communities for the formation of 60 Water Users’ Associations (WUAs) in the 12 districts and build their capacities to operate and sustainably manage the water structures.
From the outset available regional and/or national maps and data on water resources (including infrastructure) their uses and users will be refined and improved. A participatory baseline study of the selected districts will be carried out to identify and map locations, capacities and identification of sustainable operational and management systems to be developed.
An integrated dissemination and information management system will be developed through training of veterinary personnel, Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs), and Information and Data Officers at district and ministry levels. These will in turn be responsible for training the WUAs at the community levels in water management skills.
The sub-component will fund the construction/rehabilitation of water point infrastructures. Specifically it will fund the construction of 13 valley tanks, each with an average capacity of 8,000 cubic meters, in locations accessible to pastoral communities in the project districts and along cattle mobility routes; 21 boreholes; and 72 shallow wells. In addition, it will rehabilitate 30 boreholes as well as 52 shallow wells for communities and for watering their small animals. The sub-component will also rehabilitate and/or establish, in a participatory manner (with the communities), a total of 500 hectares of forest land within the various watersheds.
Sub-component 1.2: Pasture and Land Development.
This sub-component aims at increasing the area of pastures and rangelands under sustainable management. It will support the identification, mapping, sustainable development and management of rangelands and land resources (nationally and across borders) through participatory involvement of the beneficiary communities. It will support the rehabilitation of 940 hectares of communal rangelands with trans-boundary implications through Agro-Pastoral Field Schools (APFSs) and other farmer groups where the APFSs do not exist. It will build capacities of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in rangeland management and rehabilitation. Production and distribution of improved pasture seeds will also be supported under the sub-component through demonstrations to be undertaken in APFSs.
Sub-component 1.3: Securing Access to Natural Resources
This sub-component aims to enhance access to sustainably managed natural resources for drought-prone communities. It will develop and support mechanisms that will secure access to shared/trans-boundary resources, resources in protected areas such as national parks, and community grazing lands.
Regional, national, district and community meetings, trainings and exposure visits will be conducted to strengthen governance systems and share best practices in the region. Conflict mitigation platforms for securing access to shared natural resources will be supported to build capacities of stakeholders to manage shared rangelands and minimize conflicts over natural resources at national and regional levels. At the regional level, IGAD will support the establishment of a platform for accessing, disseminating and sharing information on conflict prevention, management and resolution strategies, mainly by facilitating dialogue through cross boundary meetings and workshops.