Selection of 450 Boer Goats, 450 Galla Goats and 360 Sahiwal Bulls
When appropriately supported the pastoral production systems in the dryland areas of Karamoja (Uganda), Pokot (Kenya) and Ethiopia can be resilient to disasters, such as drought, and can contribute to livelihoods in the region. A number of initiatives by the Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project have focused on animal health as a key determinant of resilience.
It is estimated that 80% of households own livestock in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda, and that this represents approximately 20% of the national cattle herd, 16% of the goats, 50% of the sheep, 90% of the donkeys and almost all of the camels. It has been calculated that Karamoja, and the 2.4% of Uganda’s population that lives there, produces close to 20% of Uganda’s livestock output by value.
The Karamoja region also acts as a conduit for cattle movements from Kenya and Sudan into the rest of Uganda. Identification of drought tolerant high yielding breeds was carried out by the regional agricultural research institutions in the region (Nabuin, and Serere). Participatory breed selection in collaboration with the communities, NGOs, FAO and other organizations that have past experience in breed improvement programs in the ASALs was carried out and selected livestock breeders and producer organizations or pastoral associations have been supported through training and demonstrations on the benefits of improved genetics in livestock production. Selection of 900 Boer goats, 900 Galla goats and 360 Sahiwal bulls was recently carried out in the Nanyuki Laikipia County in Kenya. These are yet to be rolled out to the pastoral communities to improve the livestock breeds in the region thus enhancing drought resilience